Questions

Discuss Paradise Lost.

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE NOTES

Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17th-century English poet John Milton, published 1667. - The main subject is The Creation and Fall of Man and the Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Paradise. - The work contains 12 books, written over a period over a period of 25 years (11 thousand verses). - Milton studied ...

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Discuss John Milton

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE STUDY MATERIAL

John Milton was a religious poet, active in a transient period; he partly belongs to the Restoration, but he began writing much earlier, in the Elizabethan period. He was torn between the two eras and was a unique case. His life and work were affected by: - political turbulence - religious conflicts (he didn’t know whether to become a priest ...

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What are the main features of the Restoration period?

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE STUDY MATERIAL

- The Elizabethan Puritanism was gone; however, it lacked the vigor of the Elizabethan age. - The Restoration relied on reason and facts rather than speculation. Religious values were not questioned. There was a predominance of the classical value (clarity, precision, avoidance of sentimentality, belief in the power of reason). - This period is also called the Neoclassical Age or ...

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Discuss John Donne’s poetry

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE STUDY MATERIAL

- His poems were never published during his lifetime, but his manuscripts circulated among the people. - He wrote verse letters, epigrams, elegies, sonnets, songs, satires … - Donne‘s poetry can be divided into 2 parts: o satirical, cynical, political and obsessed with sexuality, ironical o religious poetry, devoted to death and spirituality - He goes against classical authors and ...

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Discuss the metaphysical school of poetry and point out the main authors.

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE STUDY MATERIAL

Metaphysical poetry = the Stuart age The metaphysical poets were a loose group of British lyric poets of the 17th century, who shared an interest in metaphysical concerns and a common way of investigating them. These poets themselves did not form a school or start a movement; most of them did not even know or read each other. The term ...

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What is a picaresque novel and who were its main authors?

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE STUDY MATERIAL

  The picaresque novel tells an episodic story of a vagrant rogue’s (= a thief, a dishonest person) progress towards his own improvement into an honest person accepted in society (from bad to good); the reward does not come on earth, however. Examples: - Daniel Defoe: o Moll Flanders - Henry Fielding: o Joseph Andrews - Tobias Smollett: o Roderick ...

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Who was Thomas More and what was his contribution to English literature?

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE STUDY MATERIAL

Thomas More was a writer in the Renaissance period. - He was a pioneer of travel writing and a political critic of the English monarchy - He was involved in the scandals between the Church and King Henry VIII: he opposed the King’s divorce and his second marriage – because of that he was beheaded His most famous work is ...

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Describe the scientific and philosophical work of Sir Francis Bacon

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE STUDY MATERIAL

Bacon’s impact on the scientific field was immense  in his works he included various topics: ethics, politics, history, law, science, religion, philosophy. - He was a scientist, philosopher, the creator of the English essay. - In Essays he wrote statements of fundamental ethical principles and raised many important fundamental issues (e.g. fear of death & the nature of revenge) - ...

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Compare Shakespeare’s Sonnet 130 and Spencer’s Ye Tradefull Merchants

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE STUDY MATERIAL

  Tradefull Merchants is actually Sonnet XV in Spenser‘s Amoretti and is the base for Shakespeare‘s Sonnet 130. Both poets declare love for their mistresses, however there‘s a difference: Spenser‘s sonnet represents the conventional approach of glorifying the woman he loves, describing her as extremely beautiful and so on; Shakespeare takes the opposite approach: In Sonnet 130, he uses anti-hyperbolical ...

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Discuss Shakespeare’s sonnet sequence?

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE STUDY MATERIAL

In 1608 he published his Sonnets. Central themes: love, poetry and time – love outlasts time, poetry outlasts both. With these sonnets, he examines feminine and masculine relationships as a kind of a spiritual testament to what happened in his private life. He wasn’t too autobiographical in them, though. 154 Sonnets: o 1-17: written to a young man, urging him ...

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