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Who/ what influenced William Blake?

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE NOTES

Blake was a great visionary, a mystic, whose ideas came from many sources; rather than following the established cultural tendencies of his age, he turned to the occult traditions in Europe: - the Jewish cabbalistic ideas – tradition of mystical understanding of God and universe - Emanuel Swedenborg – Heaven and Hell: The Bible must be understood in a mystical ...

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Discuss Lord Byron’s epic poetry

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE NOTES

Lord Byron belongs to the younger generation of Romantics. He embodies all the features of a romantic poet – he was an alienated outsider. He was the first English poet to influence Europe. His poem Don Juan is an unfinished epic satire, which: - combines seriousness and humor (the tone of the poem is light-hearted and comic despite the serious ...

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What are the main features of Romanticism?

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE NOTES

In a basic sense, the term “Romanticism” has been used to refer to certain artists, poets, writers, musicians, as well as political, philosophical and social thinkers of the late 18th and early to mid-19th centuries. - Belief in man’s potentials, in his perfectibility, power of feeling and imagination, fundamental goodness, nature… These few beliefs led to theories of political and ...

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Compare the works of Robert Browning and Lord Alfred Tennyson

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE NOTES

Robert Browning Dramatic monologues - what he gives away when speaking about past actions - his character composes a self-defense which the reader, as “juror,” is challenged to see through. - extreme psychotic characters - irregular rhythm Browning used dramatic monologues which are effective because the setting, audience of language contribute to their meaning. The monologues enabled him to explore extreme ...

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Which were the main features and main authors of the Augustan Era?

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE NOTES

Augustan Era = Restoration = Age of Reason = Neoclassical Age Writers in the Augustan Age tended to distrust the imagination and prefer to write within the limits of logic and common sense. The century was therefore also called ―The Age of Reason‖. The respect for the cities reached its height as a result of the new importance of the ...

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Differences between the Augustan age and the Romantic age

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE NOTES

 Augustan age literature reflected society  classical themes, influences desire for order and balance in measure; intellect prevailed relies on reason and fact, not speculation trying to frame rules of writing Romantic age literature ‘reformed’ society (preface, Shelley’s ”Prometheus Unbound”) moving away from the classical, rediscovery of the local the indefinite and boundless emotion and imagination prevailed  desires and dreams, the ...

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What is a sentimental novel and who are its main authors?

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE NOTES

It’s an 18th century literary genre which celebrates the emotional and intellectual concepts of sentiment, sentimentalism, and sensibility. - The romance, memories, letters, journals. Along with a new vision of love, sentimentalism presented a new view of human nature which prized feeling over thinking, passion over reason, and personal instincts of “pity, tenderness, and benevolence” over social duties. Authors:   ...

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Describe Burns’s contribution to romantic poetry

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE NOTES

Burns’s contribution to romantic poetry: He was the greatest rustic poet (rustic = about countryside life) of the 18th century. He had all sorts of aesthetic tendencies – classicism, romanticism, and he assimilated a long line of Scottish literary tradition. Much of his finest work is satirical or descriptive. His poetry always remained close to its vital roots and the ...

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What is the Graveyard School of Poetry? Who are its main authors?

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE NOTES

  The Graveyards poets were a number of  pre-Romantic English poets of the 18th century characterized by their gloomy meditation on morality in the context of the graveyard. They were preoccupied with the themes of death, morbidity, and delightful gloom, the sense of  Weltschmerz  devoted to investigation of melancholy and clinical states of mind. Authors: - Thomas Gray (Elegy Written in ...

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Discuss the Restoration’s sentimental comedy

MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE NOTES

The English sentimental comedy is a kind of comedy that achieved some popularity with respectable middle-class audiences. - It showed virtue rewarded by domestic bliss, in contrast with the comedy of manners - Its plots, usually involving unbelievably good middle-class couples, emphasized pathos (=an appeal to the audience’s all kinds of emotions) rather than humour - Pioneered by Richard Steele ...

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