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What were the types of restoration drama and its main authors?

Two categories: – TRAGEDY (John Dryden, Thomas Otway): focused on personal life (suicide, remorse, failure); a short re-awakening of the classical spirit; o the Elizabethan domestic tragedy form – George Lillo (the first spokesman of the middle class in theatre, spoke against aristocratic ideas, ignored by the British theatre) – COMEDY OF MANNERS (William Wycherley, William Congreve, Sir George Etherege,…): ...

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Discuss Oliver Goldsmith

Goldsmith was active in drama, poetry and fiction of the pre-Romantic period. – His works include sentimentality, melancholy, simple life… with a bit of EXOTIC . – He had an elegiac rhythm His works: – Poetry — The Deserted Village: idealization of nature (rural life = simplicity, pleasure rather than hard work), contrast between idyllic past and harsh reality of ...

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Discuss Paradise Lost.

Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17th-century English poet John Milton, published 1667. – The main subject is The Creation and Fall of Man and the Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Paradise. – The work contains 12 books, written over a period over a period of 25 years (11 thousand verses). – Milton studied ...

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Discuss John Milton

John Milton was a religious poet, active in a transient period; he partly belongs to the Restoration, but he began writing much earlier, in the Elizabethan period. He was torn between the two eras and was a unique case. His life and work were affected by: – political turbulence – religious conflicts (he didn’t know whether to become a priest ...

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What are the main features of the Restoration period?

– The Elizabethan Puritanism was gone; however, it lacked the vigor of the Elizabethan age. – The Restoration relied on reason and facts rather than speculation. Religious values were not questioned. There was a predominance of the classical value (clarity, precision, avoidance of sentimentality, belief in the power of reason). – This period is also called the Neoclassical Age or ...

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Discuss John Donne’s poetry

– His poems were never published during his lifetime, but his manuscripts circulated among the people. – He wrote verse letters, epigrams, elegies, sonnets, songs, satires … – Donne‘s poetry can be divided into 2 parts: o satirical, cynical, political and obsessed with sexuality, ironical o religious poetry, devoted to death and spirituality – He goes against classical authors and ...

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Discuss the metaphysical school of poetry and point out the main authors.

Metaphysical poetry = the Stuart age The metaphysical poets were a loose group of British lyric poets of the 17th century, who shared an interest in metaphysical concerns and a common way of investigating them. These poets themselves did not form a school or start a movement; most of them did not even know or read each other. The term ...

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What is a picaresque novel and who were its main authors?

  The picaresque novel tells an episodic story of a vagrant rogue’s (= a thief, a dishonest person) progress towards his own improvement into an honest person accepted in society (from bad to good); the reward does not come on earth, however. Examples: – Daniel Defoe: o Moll Flanders – Henry Fielding: o Joseph Andrews – Tobias Smollett: o Roderick ...

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Who was Thomas More and what was his contribution to English literature?

Thomas More was a writer in the Renaissance period. – He was a pioneer of travel writing and a political critic of the English monarchy – He was involved in the scandals between the Church and King Henry VIII: he opposed the King’s divorce and his second marriage – because of that he was beheaded His most famous work is ...

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Describe the scientific and philosophical work of Sir Francis Bacon

Bacon’s impact on the scientific field was immense  in his works he included various topics: ethics, politics, history, law, science, religion, philosophy. – He was a scientist, philosopher, the creator of the English essay. – In Essays he wrote statements of fundamental ethical principles and raised many important fundamental issues (e.g. fear of death & the nature of revenge) – ...

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