Advantages of Open Hearth Process over Bessemer Process

Advantages of Open Hearth Process over Bessemer Process

Open-hearth process has the following advantages over Bessemer process.

(1) Scrap Iron, low grade pig and cast iron and the iron ore (haematite) can he directly converted to steel.

(2)   The temperature can be controlled more effectively since external source of heat Is used.

(3)    The composition of steel is uniform and accurate and can be controlled easily as the product is analysed from time to time.

(4)                    Iron is not lost as slag since blast of hot air is not passed through the molten mass.

(5)                    Steel obtained is of high grade and good quality.

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