John Milton was a religious poet, active in a transient period; he partly belongs to the Restoration, but he began writing much earlier, in the Elizabethan period. He was torn between the two eras and was a unique case.
His life and work were affected by:
- – political turbulence
- – religious conflicts (he didn’t know whether to become a priest or not)
- – the loss of his sight
He wrote a famous political speech Areopagitica, in which he fights for the right of free speech, because the Parliament wanted to introduce censorship.
He produced many works of puritan rebellion.
His first poems were in Latin and Italian -> classical basis but modernity brought from Italy.
His most famous works:
- – On the Morning of Christ’s Nativity
- – L’allegro and Il Penseroso
- – Masques
- – Lycidas
- – On His Blindness
- – On His Deceased Wife
- – On Time
- – On The Late Massacre in Piemont
- – PARADISE LOST
- – Paradise Regained
- – Samson Agonistes
I think mentioning Paradise Lost and its sequel, Paradise Regained is enough for this question.