Glossary of Literary Terms and Devices



religious, moral, or social standard

Simile: figurative language in which words such as “like” or “as” are used to draw similarities between two apparently unlike things

Sibilance: characterized by a hissing sound; sibilant speech sounds such as (s), (sh), (z), or (zh)

Symbol: a word or image that signifies itself and something other than what is literally represented; it may stand for ideas, values, persons, or ways of life; always points beyond its own meaning towards a greater and more complex meaning

Synecdoche: the technique of mentioning a part of something to represent the whole

Syntax: the way in which linguistic elements (as words) are put together to form constituents (as phrases or clauses)

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