Q.5 How, according to Liaquat Ali Khan, did the creation of two states in the Indian sub-continent contribute to the creation of stability in Asia?(Pakistan and The Modern World)
Ans. The undivided India was a vast sub-continent where one hundred million Muslims lived with three hundred million other people, mostly Hindus. The Muslims and the Hindus were in fact two very different nations who had almost nothing in common. The Muslims believe in the unity of God and in all the prophets. They believe in the equality of all human beings. Their religion prescribes laws which encourage social justice.
The Hindus worship many gods. They believe in a caste sysktni which divided human beings into superior and inferior classes. It is a sin for the superior castes even to touch a person belonging to the inferior or untouchable’ class. It was a fact that these two nations could never live in peace in one country when the British left India. The Hindus were determined to rule free India according to their own ideology which did not tolerate any other culture.
The Muslims were equally determined to defend their religion and culture. They were numerous enough and strong enough to do so. The result of this would have been a never-ending civil war in India. The creation of Pakistan did avert this very dangerous situation. Later history of the relations between Pakistan and Bharat has confirmed this.