“Oedipus Rex” : A Tragedy of Fate



“Oedipus Rex” is a tragedy of fate. The critical events in the play have been foreordained by fate or the divine beings. Man appears defenseless confronting the circumstances which form his fate. Lord Laius was told that his child by Jocasta would murder him. Laius did everything conceivable to avoid such a catastrophe. Once Jocasta conceived a child, Laius had him anchored and gave him over to a reliable servant with strict requests that the child be uncovered on. Mt. Cithaeron and permitted to die. At the same time the servant, out of sympathy, gave over the child to a Corinthian shepherd who passed him on to the Corinthian King. The kid grew up as the child of the King and Queen of Corinth and later murdered his actual father, Laius, in complete lack of awareness. Apollo’s oracle was satisfied despite the fact that Laius and Jocasta made the amazing move to escape the fate prognosticated by the oracle.

Oedipus had additionally to submit to the fate which Apollo’s oracle professed for him. He learnt from the oracle that he would execute his father and wed his own particular mother. He, as well, attempted his most extreme to turn away a horrible fate and fled from Corinth. His wanderings took him to Thebes, where individuals were confronting an incredible incident. Ruler Laius had been murdered and the city was in the hold of the Sphinx, who was creating a great deal of annihilation in light of the fact that no one could explain her enigma. Oedipus fathomed the puzzle and put an end to the beast. Oedipus was happily gotten by Theban individuals as their King and was given Laius’ widow as his wife. Subsequently, in complete lack of awareness of the character of his guardians, he slaughtered his father and wedded his mother. He performed these heartbreaking demonstrations unknowingly, as well as an aftereffect of his deliberations to escape the unfeeling fate which the oracle at had conveyed to him.

It is apparent that the events which realize the tragedy in the life of Laius, Oedipus, and Jocasta are the work of that secretive heavenly power called fate or fate or be given the name of Apollo. This heavenly power had decided ahead of time certain tragic events and even educated the people ahead of time. These individuals take whatever measures, to turn away those events; but things turn out precisely as they had been prognosticated by the oracles. Oedipus has done nothing at all to merit the fate which overwhelms him. Nor do Laius and Jocasta merit the fate they meet.

As indicated by Aristotle the tragic legend is a prosperous man who falls into hardship because of a few genuine deformity or hamartia. Most likely Oedipus is a capable ruler, a father of his kin, an incredible executive and an exceptional insightfulness. His boss watch over himself however for the populace of the State. The individuals look upon him as their hero and revered him. He is additionally a religious man in the customary sense. That such a man ought to meet the pitiful fate is deplorably excruciating to us.

Oedipus is not, nonetheless, a flawless man or an impeccable King. He does experience the ill effects of a hamartia or a deformity of character. He is hot-tempered, rash, hurried in judgments, effortlessly incited and to a degree discretionary. Despite the fact that first and foremost his demeanor towards Teiresias is one of veneration, he rapidly loses his temper and addresses the oracle in an offending way blaming both him and Creon for injustice and demonstrating a visually impaired suspicion towards companions. His position and power appear to be heading him to turn into a despot. Creon need to remind him that the city does not fit in with only him. Actually when blinded he draws the rebuke:

“Do not crave to be master in everything always”

This demonstrates that Oedipus is not a man of a faultless character, not totally free from deficiencies, not an exemplification of every last one of ethics. His pride in his own particular shrewdness is one of his glaring deficiencies. His accomplishment in settling the question of the Sphinx further created his characteristic feeling of pride. There is in him a disappointment of devotion even. Affected by Jocasta, he develops incredulous of the oracles. Subsequently there is in him an absence of genuine intelligence which tackled the edge of turning into an iconoclastic dictator.

If Oedipus had not been hot-tempered, he may not have got entrapped in a battle out and about and may have not been blameworthy of killing his father. So also, if he had been somewhat more mindful, he may have dithered to wed a lady mature enough to be his mother. After all there was no impulse either in the battle or in his marriage. Both his demonstrations might in this way be ascribed to his imperfections of character. At the same time it must be acknowledged that the pronouncement of the oracles were certain. Regardless of the fact that Oedipus had taken the precautionary measures, the prescience was to be satisfied. The oracle’s expectation was unconditional; it didn’t say that if Oedipus did such and such a marvel he would slaughter his father and wed his mother. The oracle essentially said that Oedipus would execute his father and wed his mother. What the oracle said, was certain to happen.

If Oedipus is the blameless casualty of inevitable fate, he would be a negligible manikin and the play turns into a tragedy of predetermination which denies human opportunity. Sophocles would not like to view Oedipus as a manikin; there is motivation to accept that Oedipus has been depicted generally as a free operator. The chaperon in the play obstinately portrays Oedipus’ blinding toward oneself as willful and recognizes it from his automatic homicide of his father and marriage with his mother. Oedipus’ activities were fate-bound, yet everything that he does, he does as a free executor – his judgment of Teiresias and Creon, his discussion with Jocasta to uncover the realities, his seeking after his examination notwithstanding the exertions of Jocasta and the Theban shepherd to stop him, et cetera. Oedipus, openly picking an arrangement of activities, prompted his ruin. Oedipus could have left the infection to follow all the way through however his pity over the sufferings of his kin constrained him to counsel the oracle. He could have left the homicide of Laius uninvestigated, yet his adoration of equity obliged him to ask. He require not have constrained reality from the hesitant Theban shepherd yet he couldn’t rest substance with an untruth. Teiresias, Jocasta, the Theban shepherd each one attempted to stop Oedipus, however he was resolved to tackle the issue of his own parentage. The immediate reason for his ruin is not fate; no oracle said that he must uncover reality. Still less does the reason for his ruin lie in his own particular shortcoming. His own particular quality and bravery, his reliability to Thebes and his affection of truth causes his ruin. This demonstrates to him a free operator.

Despite the certainties that Oedipus is a free operator in a large portion of his activities, still the most tragic events of his life – his homicide of his father and his marriage with his mother – had definitely to happen. Here the obligation of fate can’t be denied. The true tragedy lies in the disclosure of truth, which is because of his own characteristics. If he had not uncovered reality, he would have kept on liing in a state of ecstatic lack of awareness and there would have been no tragedy and no misery. At the same time the parricide and the familial lust were predetermined and for these fate is responsible.

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