Social Satire in “The Rape of the Lock”



The expression “satire” is inferred from the Latin word “satira” which is an artistic attack on the indiscretions and indecencies of an individual or a general public with a perspective for remedying them through delight and mocking composed either in writing or verse. Notwithstanding, as Shakespeare is the artist of man, Alexander Pope is a writer of society. “The Rape of the Lock” is a social archive on the grounds that it reflects contemporary society and holds a social satire, as well. Pope paints about England in eighteenth century. The entire display of “The Rape of the Lock” rotates around the false standard of eighteenth century. Pope ridicules the young people and young men, noble ladies and men, their leisure time exercises, nature of spouses and wives, the expert judges and lawmakers of the day.

Pope plainly delineates the absurdities and the frivolities of the popular round of the eighteenth century England. The universe of Belinda – the universe of design is a minor world. The entire life of Belinda is restricted to dozing, make-up, delight and charming the masters. There are no transcendental components throughout her life. This life is stamped by sick nature, artificiality, fiendishness, coquetry, yielding and meek nature, furious and rowdy nature, betrayal, inexpensiveness, meanness, details and frivolities. Belinda speaks to all the style struck ladies, occupied in such stupidities.

The gallants of the time have not been saved by Pope. Aristocrat speaks to Peter as well as exemplifies the noble gallants of the age. Pope parodies man’s temperament that is constantly powerless at excellence. Men reparation everything at the holy place of excellence and even the most smart man carries on stupidly when he falls a victimized person to magnificence.

“With delicate Billet-doux he lights the Pyre,

Furthermore inhales three am’rous Sighs to raise the Fire,

At that point prostrate falls, and asks with vigorous Eyes

Before long to acquire, and long have the Prize:”

To make his satire more honed and all the more successful, Pope presents the airborne hardware, which encourages the satire. Through this weapon, the writer tosses conversely the shortcomings of the stylish ladies of that age. He mocks ladies who are intrigued by elegant life and its interests and who continue practicing their underhandedness impact much after their passing. For the purpose of common greatness, they can offer goodbye even to their chastity and honor. He parodies ladies of blazing, flirty underhanded and yielding nature and provides for them distinctive names. It additionally gives the writer a chance to mock the class awareness of ladies.

All the ladies and playmates accumulate at the spot where they trade chats on inconsequential things, for example, visits, balls, movies, movements, looks, eyes, ‘at each expression’ and ‘a notoriety passes on’.

Man’s most loved movement is to take endured ladies to play with fan. There is singing, moving, chuckling, staring at and nothing else. Ladies are occupied with charming the dukes and rulers. The artist reflects the emptiness of men in the character of Sir Plume who is wimp, absurd and silly, needing mettle. Ladies are all in all wavering and they have made toyshops of their souls. They have even illegal relations with the lovers. Ladies are implied just for the diversion of men, who play toy with them.

Pope likewise ridicules of the spouses and wives of the day. Spouses constantly suspect their wives. They imagine that their wives have been joyful making with their significant others. Then again, wives are likewise not temperate whatsoever. They cherish their lap-pooches more than their spouses. Furthermore the passing of spouses is not more stunning than the demise of a lap canine or the breakage of a china vessel.

“Not louder screams to feeling sorry for Heave are thrown,

At the point when spouses, or when lapdogs inhale their last;”

So through the medium of satire, Pope paints a picture of eighteenth century English society. His satire is pedantic and indifferent. It is not incurred against any individual or individual, rather against the general public and that, as well, owing to some ethical issues. He is disappointed with the general public around which he needs to change. The general public he envisioned is the refined gathering of eighteenth century stylish English society. Yet there are a few associated subjects, as well, on which he causes his satire. For instance, he parodied the judges who settle on rushed choices.

“The hungry judges soon the sentence sign,

Furthermore rapscallions hang that jurymen may dine”

He likewise ridiculed those companions whose companionship is yet desire, those government officials who don’t have a deeper understanding and can’t see past the shows and make strides only for their own particular investment and finishes.

To conclude, the poem is an impression of this simulated and empty life, painted with a diverting and fragile satire. Pope’s satire is savvy and brimming with wit and saying. Also without a doubt no other writer or essayist could delineate the contemporary society so vastly and perfectly as Pope did and thus, he is viewed as the genuine agent poem of the eighteenth century English society.

About Saweel Ur Raheem

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