In a basic sense, the term “Romanticism” has been used to refer to certain artists, poets, writers, musicians, as well as political, philosophical and social thinkers of the late 18th and early to mid-19th centuries.
- – Belief in man’s potentials, in his perfectibility, power of feeling and imagination, fundamental goodness, nature… These few beliefs led to theories of political and social liberalism, interest in individual human feeling (an individual can find truth in his emotions).
- – There was a revival of interest in the strange and the exotic, in the tale of horror and Scandinavian legends.
- – There was a gap between the reality and the ideal.
- – Childhood is seen as man’s closest link to the ideal existence before his birth.
- The main poets of this movement were William Blake, William Wordsworth, Lord Byron, John Keats and Samuel Taylor Coleridge.