It’s an 18th century literary genre which celebrates the emotional and intellectual concepts of sentiment, sentimentalism, and sensibility.
- – The romance, memories, letters, journals.
Along with a new vision of love, sentimentalism presented a new view of human nature which prized feeling over thinking, passion over reason, and personal instincts of “pity, tenderness, and benevolence” over social duties.
- DANIEL DEFOE – Robinson Crusoe (symbolical drama – going to sea is an act of rebellion)
- SAMUEL RICHARDSON – the hero is usually preoccupied with his or her love and love sufferings. Pamela=letters
- JONATHAN SWIFT – Gulliver’s Travels
- HENRY FIELDING – first great comic novelist in England
- LAURENCE STERNE:
- – founding father of the 20th century stream-of-consciousness novel
- – The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman:
- o the greatest reflexive novel
- o a parody of contemporary conventions of the novel as a genre
- o its organization lies in the consciousness of the narrator
- o digressions bring about a hundred topics all mixed together
- o influenced by John Locke’s essay on human understanding – every man lives in a world of his own, is a prisoner of his private inner world, which is also his own creation OLIVER GOLDSMITH, THOBIAS SMOLLETT – ugly aspects of life; life is presented as it is; HENRY MACKENZIE; SARAH FIELDING.