Who was Thomas More and what was his contribution to English literature?



Thomas More was a writer in the Renaissance period.

  • – He was a pioneer of travel writing and a political critic of the English monarchy
  • – He was involved in the scandals between the Church and King Henry VIII: he opposed the King’s divorce and his second marriage – because of that he was beheaded
  • His most famous work is Utopia:
  • – we believe the term ‘utopia’ was coined by More himself; Utopia = nowhere land, imaginary society
  • – the search for Utopia = the search for the perfect government (equal right for men and women, free will in religion)
  • – Political science fiction
  • – 2 books:
  • o Book 1 analyses the evils of his age in an ironic, realistic manner
  • o Book 2 is satirical – state with religious tolerance, physical comforts, honesty and good faith
  • – Translated into many language and an inspiration to many other authors (Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe; Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels; William Golding’s Lord of The Flies; Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World;…)

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